Abbreviations and Their Meanings HEADING_TITLE

Abbreviations

Abbreviation  Meaning
1-Nal 3-(1-Naphthyl)alanine
2-Br-Z  2-Bromobenzyloxycarbonyl
2-Cl-Trt  2-Chlorotrityl
2-Cl-Z  2-Chlorobenzyloxycarbonyl
2-Nal  3-(2-Naphthyl)alanine
2-OPhiPr 2-Phenylisopropyl ester
2-Pal  3-(2-Pyridyl)alalnine
2-Thi 3-(2-Thienyl)alanine
3-Pal 3-(3-Pyridyl)alanine
3-Thi 3-(3-Thienyl)alanine
4-Abz 4-Aminobenzoic acid
4-Pal 3-(4-Pyridyl)alanine
5-Ava 5-Aminovaleric acid
5-FAM 5-Carboxyfluorescein
5-FAM-SE 5-Carboxyfluorescein hydroxysuccinimide ester
5-FITC 5-Fluoresceinistothiocyanate
5-ROX 5-Carboxy-X-rhodamine
5-TAMRA 5-Carboxytetramethylrhodamine
5-TAMRA-SE 5-Carboxytetramethylrhodamine hydroxysuccinimide ester
5(6)-FAM Carboxyfluorescein, mixture of 5- and 6- isomers
5(6)-FAM-SE Carboxyfluorescein hydroxysuccinimide ester, mixture of 5- and 6- isomers
5(6)-FITC Fluoresceinistothiocyanate, mixture of 5- and 6- isomers
5(6)-ROX Carboxy-X-rhodamine, mixture of 5- and 6-isomers
5(6)-TAMRA Carboxytetramethylrhodamine, mixture of 5- and 6- isomers
6-FAM 6-Caroxyfluorescein
6-FAM-SE 6-Caroxyfluorescein hydroxysuccinimide ester
6-FITC 6-Fluoresceinistothiocyanate
6-ROX 6-Carboxy-X-rhodamine
6-TAMRA 6-Carboxytetramethylrhodamine
6-TAMRA-SE 6-Carboxytetramethylrhodamine hydroxysuccinimide ester
α-Abu alpha-Aminobutyric acid
β-Ala beta-Alanine
β-HAla  beta-Homoalanine
β-HArg  beta-Homoarginine
β-HAsn beta-Homoaspargine
β-HAsp beta-Homoaspartic acid
β-HGln beta-Homoglutamine
β-HGlu beta-Homoglutamic acid
β-HIle  beta-Homoisoleucine
β-HLeu beta-Homoleucine
β-HLys beta-Homolysine
β-HMet beta-Homomethionine
β-HPhe beta-Homophenylalanine
β-HPro  beta-Homoproline
β-HSer beta-Homoserine
β-HThr  beta-Homothreonine
β-HTrp beta-Homotryptophan
β-HTyr beta-Homotyrosine
β-HVal beta-Homovaline
γ-Abu  gamma-Aminobutyric acid
ε-Ahx  epsilon-Aminohexanoic acid
Ac  Acetyl
Ac4c 1-Aminocyclobutancarboxylic acid
Ac5c 1-Aminocyclpentanecarboxylic acid
Ac6c 1-Aminocyclhexanecarboxylic acid
Acm  Acetamidomethyl
Acpc 1-Aminocyclopropanecarboxylic acid
ACTH Adrenocorticotropic hormone
Aib  2-Aminoisobutyric acid
Ala  Alanine
Ala(3-Cl)  3-Chloroalanine
Ala(3-I)  3-Iodoalanine
Ala(Styryl) Styrylalanine
All  Allyl
Aloc  Allyloxycarbonyl
AMC  7-Amino-4-methylcoumarin
ANP Atrial natriuretic peptide
ARF ADP Ribosylation Factor
Arg  Arginine
Asn  Asparagine
Asp   Aspartic acid
Asu 2-Aminosuberic acid
BAM Bovine adrenal medulla
Bip 2,2-Biphenylalanine
BNP Brain natriuretic peptide
Boc  t-Butyloxycarbonyl
BOP  Castro’s Reagent; Benzotriazol-1-yl-oxy-tris-(dimethylamino)-phosphoniumhexafluorophosphate
Bpa 4-Benzoylphenylalanine
Bta  3-(3-benzothienyl)alanine
Bz  Benzoyl
Bzl  Benzyl
cAMP  Cyclic adenine monophosphate
CEA  Carcinoembryonic antigen
CDI 1,1’-Carbonyl-diimidazole
CGRP  Calcitonin-gene related peptide
CHA Cyclohexylamine
Cha Cyclohexylalanine
Chg Cyclohexylglycine
cHx Cyclohexyl
Cit Citrulline
Cl-HOBt 6-Chloro-1-hydroxybenzotriazole
CMK Chloromethyl ketone
CMV  Cytomegalovirus
CNP  C-type Natriuretic Peptide
Cpa Cyclopropylalanine
Cpg Cyclpentylglycine
CRF  Corticotropin releasing factor
CRP C-reactive protein
CSP  Competence-stimulating peptide
CTAP  Connective tissue activating peptide
Cys Cysteine
(Cys)2 Cystine
Dab 2,4-Diaminobutyric acid
DABCYL 4-(4-Dimethylaminophenylaza)benzoate
Dap 2,3-Diaminopropionic acid
DCC Dicyclohexylcarbodiimide
DCHA Dicyclohexylamine
DCM Dichloromethane
Dde 1-(4,4-Dimethyl-2,6-dioxocyclohex-1-ylidene)ethyl
DEA Diethylamine
DEPBT 3-(Diethoxy-phosphoryloxy)-3H-benzo[d][1,2,3]triazin-4-one
DHP Dihydropyranyl
DIC N,N'-Diisopropylcarbodiimide
Dip 3,3-Diphenylalanine
DIPEA Diisopropylethylamine
Dmab 4-{N-[1-(4,4-dimethyl-2,6-dioxocyclohex-1-ylidene)-3-methylbutyl]amino}benzyl
DMAP 4-(N,N-Dimethylaminopyridine)
Dmb 2,4-Dimethoxybenzyl
DMF N,N-Dimethylformamide
Dnp 2,4-Dinitrophenyl
Dpg α,α-Dipropylglycine
Dpm Diphenylmethyl
DVB  Divinylbenzene
ED Ethylene diamine
EDANS 5-[(2-Aminoethyl)amino]naphthalene-1-sulfonic acid
EDC N-(3-Dimethyl-aminopropyl)-N’-ethylcarbodiimide hydrochloride
EGF  Epidermal growth factor
ELISA Enzyme-Linked ImmunoSorbent Assay
EMP  Epithelial Membrane Protein
Ep-CAM  Epithelial Cell Adhesion Molecule
Et Ethyl
FGF  Fibroblast Growth Factor
FITC  Fluorescene Isothiocarbonate
Fm 9-Fluorenylmethyl
Fmoc 9-Fluorenylmethoxycarbonyl
FmocHmb 2-(Fmoc-oxy)-4-methoxybenzyl
For Formyl
FSH  Folicle Stimulating Hormone
GHRF  Growth Hormone Releasing Factor
GHRP  Growth Hormone Releasing Peptide
GIP  Gastric Inhibitory Polypeptide
Glc Glucosyl
Gln Glutamine
GLP Glucagon-like Peptide
Glu Glutamic acid
Gly Glycine
GMAP  Galanin message associated peptide
GM-CSF  Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor
GPC3  Glypican 3
GRF  Growth hormone releasing factor
GRP  Gastrin-releasing peptide
HArg Homoarginine
HATU 2-(7-Aza-1-H-benzotriazol-1-yl)-1,1,3,3-tetramethylaminium hexafluorophosphate
HBTU 2-(1H-Benzotriazol-1-yl)-1,1,3,3-tetramethylaminium hexafluorophosphate
HBV  Hepatitus B Virus
HCTU 2-(6-Chloro-1-H-benzotriazol-1-yl)-1,1,3,3-tetramethyl-uronium hexafluorophosphate
HCV Hepatitus C Virus
HCys2 Homocystine
HGH  Human Growth Hormone
His Histidine
HIV  Human Immunodeficiency Virus
HLeu Homoleucine
HOAt 7-Azo-1-hydroxybenzotriazole
HOBt 1-Hydroxybenzotriazole
HPhe Homophenylalanine
HPLC High performance liquid chromatography
HPV  Human papillomavirus
HSer Homoserine
HSV  Herpes Simplex Virus
HTyr Homotyrosine
Hyp trans-4-Hydroxyproline
IAA Iodoacetic acid
IAM Iodoacetamide
IGF  Insulin-like growth factor
IL  Interleukin
Ile Isoleucine
Inp  Isonipecotic acid
IPA  Isopropyl alcohol
iPr  Isopropyl
IRS  Insulin receptor substrate
ivDde  1-(4,4-Dimethyl-2,6-dioxocyclohex-1-ylidene)-3-methylbutyl
Lact  Lactosyl
LC  6-Aminohexanoic acid linker
LEAP  Liver-expressed antimicrobial peptide
Leu  Leucine
LH  Luteinizing-hormone
LH-RH  Luteinizing-hormone-releasing hormone
Lys  Lysine
Lys(Boc,Me)  Nε-Boc-Nε-methyl-lysine
Lys(Me)2  Nε,Nε-Dimethyl-lysine
Lys(Me)3Cl  Nε,Nε,Nε-Trimethyl-lysine chloride, 2-amino-6-trimethylammonium chloride-hexanoic acid
Lys(N3)  2-Amino-6-azidohexanoic acid, Azidolysine, Lysine(azide)
MAP  Multiple Antigen Peptide
MARCKS  Myristoylated alanine-rich C-kinase substrate
MART  Melanoma antigen recognized by T-cells
MBHA  4-Methylbenzhydrylamine
MBP  Myelin basic protein
Mca  (7-Methoxycoumarine-4-yl)acetyl
MCH  Melanin-Concentrating Hormone
Met  Methionine
MMP  Matrix Metalloproteinases
Mmt  4-Methoxytrityl
Mob p-Methoxybenzyl
Mpa  3-Mercaptopropionic acid
MSH  Melanocyte Stimulatory Hormone
Mtr  4-Methoxy-2,3,6-trimethylbenzenesulfonyl
Mts  Mesitylenesulfonyl
Mtt  4-Methyltrityl
m-Tyr  meta-Tyrosine, 3-Tyrosine
Nal  Naphthylalanine
NHS  N-Hydroxysuccinimide
NC  Neurokinin
NHEt  Ethyl amide
NKA  Neurokinin A
Nle  Norleucine, α-Aminohexanoic acid
nm  Nanometer
NMR  Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
Nva  Norvaline, α-Aminopentanoic acid
Nva(5-Phenyl) 2-Amino-5-phenylpentanoic acid
O-2-PhiPr 2-Phenylisopropyl ester
Oic  Octahydroindole-2-carboxylic acid
OMe Methyl ester
ONp  p-Nitrophenol ester
OPac  Phenacyl ester
OPfp  Pentafluorophenol ester
Orn  Ornithine
OSu  N-Hydroxysuccinimide ester
OtBu tert-Butyl ester
PACAP Pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide
PAL Peptide amide linker
PAM  4-(Hydroxymethyl)phenylacetamidomethyl
Pam Palmitoyl
PAR  Protease-Activated Receptor
Pbf 2,2,4,6,7-Pentamethyldihydro-benzofuran-5-sulfonyl
PEG  Poly(ethyleneglycol)
Pen  Penicillamine
Phe  Phenylalanine
Phe(2-Br)  2-Bromophenylalanine
Phe(2-CF3) 2-Trifluoromethylphenylalanine
Phe(2-Cl)  2-Chlorophenylalanine
Phe(2-CN) 2-Cyanophenylalanine
Phe(2,4-diCl) 2,4-Dichlorophenylalanine
Phe(2-F) 2-Fluorophenylalanine
Phe(2-Me) 2-Methylphenylalanine
Phe(3-Br) 3-Bromophenylalanine
Phe(3-CF3) 3-Trifluorophenylalanine
Phe(3-Cl)  3-Chlorophenylalanine
Phe(3-CN)  3-Cyanophenylalanine
Phe(3,4-diCl)  3,4-Dichlorophenylalanine
Phe(3,4-diF) 3,4-Difluorophenylalanine
Phe(3,5-diF) 3,5-Difluorophenylalanine
Phe(3-Me) 3-Methylphenylalanine
Phe(4-Br)  4-Bromophenylalanine
Phe(4-CF3) 4-Trifluoromethylphenylalanine
Phe(4-Cl)  4-Chlorophenylalanine
Phe(4-CN)  4-Cyanophenylalanine
Phe(4-F)  4-Fluorophenylalanine
Phe(4-I)  4-Iodophenylalanine
Phe(4-Me)  4-Methylphenylalanine
Phe(4-NH2)  4-Aminophenylalanine
Phe(4-NO2)  4-Nitrophenylalanine
Phg  Phenylglycine
Phg(4-OH)  4-Hydroxyphenylglycine
Phth  Phthaloyl
PKC  Protein Kinase C
PLM  Phospholemman
Pmc  2,2,5,7,8-Pentamethylchroman-6-sulfonyl
pMeBzl  para-Methylbenzyl
pMeOBzl  para-Methoxybenzyl
pNA  p-Nitroaniline amide
PPY  Pancreatic polypeptide
Pra Propargylglycine
PRRS  Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome
Pro  Proline
pSer  Phosphoserine
pTH  Parathyroid Hormone
pThr  Phosphothreonine
pTyr  Phosphotyrosine
PyBOP  Benzotriazole-1-yloxy-tris-pyrrolidino-phosphonium hexafluorophosphate
PyBroP  Bromo-tris-pyrrolidinophosphonium hexafluorophosphate
Pyr  Pyroglutamic acid
PYY  Peptide YY
RFamide  Arg-Phe-NH2
RFRP  RFamide-Related Peptide
RIA  Radioimmunoassay
RSK  Ribosomal S-6 Kinase
RSV  Respiratory syncytial virus
Sar  Sarcosine, N-Methylglycine
Ser  Serine
Ser(psi[Me,Me]pro)  (S)-2,2-Dimethyl-oxazolidine-4-carboxylic acid, serine pseudoproline
SIV  Simian Immunodeficiency Virus
Sta  Statine
Suc  Succinyl
SURE  Surface-active resin
TACE  Tumor necrosis factor-alpha-converting  enzyme
TAP  Peptide transporter-associated protein
TATU  2-(7-Aza-1-H-benzotriazol-1-yl)-1,1,3,3-tetramethyluronium tetrafluoroborate
TBDMS  tert-Butyldimethylsilyl
TBTU  2-(1-H-Benzotriazole-yl)-1,1,3,3-tetramethyluronium tetrafluoroborate
tBu  tert-Butyl
TDBTU  N,N,N',N'-Tetramethyl-O-(3,4-dihydro-4-oxo-1,2,3-benzotriazin-3-yl)uranium tetrafluoroborate
TFA  Trifluoroacetic acid
tfa  Trifluoroacetyl
Thr  Threonine
Thr(psi[Me,Me]pro)  (S,S)-2,2,5-Trimethyl-oxazolidine-4-carboxylic acid, threonine pseudoproline
Thz  Thiazoline-4-carboxylic acid
Tic  1,2,3,4-Tetrahydroisoquinoline-3-carboxylic acid

Tle 

tert-Leucine, α-tert-Butylglycine
TNF  Tumor Necrosis Factor
Tos  para-Toluenesulfonate, para-Tosylate
TosOH  para-Toluenesulfonic acid
Tpi 1,2,3,4-Tetrahydronorharman-3-carboxylic acid
Tqa 2-Tetrahydroisoquinoline acetic acid
TRAP  Thrombin receptor activator peptide
TRH  Thyrotropin-releasing hormone
Trp  Tryptophan
Trt  Trityl
TSTU  O-(N-Succinimidyl)-1,1,3,3-tetramethyluronium tetrafluoroborate
Tyr  Tyrosine
Tyr(3-Cl)  3-Chlorotyrosine
Tyr(3-I) 3-Iodotyrosine
Tyr(3-NO2)  3-Nitrotyrosine
UV  Ultraviolet
Val  Valine
VIP  Vasoactive Intestinal Peptide
Benzyloxycarbonyl
(Z-Cys-OH)2  N-N’-Bis-benzyloxycarbonylcystine